MCL Director, Professor Kuo, was invited by Korean National IT Industry Promotion Agency (NIPA) to deliver a keynote speech at the Grand Cloud Conference, Seoul, Korea on Dec. 3, 2019. The title of Professor Kuo’s talk was “AI Cloud Strategy for Government and Industry”. Here is the abstract.

There have been many successful artificial intelligence (AI) stories in the last decade due to big data analytics and the resurgence of neural-network-based deep learning. For clarity, I would like to give my own definition about AI. That is, AI is not about competing with humans in terms of intelligence but an advanced form of “automation”, which leverages both data and domain knowledge to achieve domain-specific tasks more effectively. Then, I will discuss the AI deployment strategy. It is centered around “smart environments” such as smart homes, smart cities, etc. We can leverage sensors, Internet of Things (IoT) and 5G infrastructures to acquire a large amount of data for better decision making. After that, I will mention three R&D opportunities: 1) explainable AI, 2) integrated rule-based/data-driven methodology and 3) federated learning. For the first topic, AI is not necessarily dependent upon deep learning, which is a black box. We are working on an alternative approach, called Successive Subspace Learning (SSL), to solve the big data problem at USC. SSL is mathematically transparent and expandable depending on the training data sizes and classes. It has great potential. For the second topic, I want to emphasize that big data is helpful but not sufficient by itself alone. It is more powerful to have an integration of the “rule-based” and the “data-driven” approaches. The integration allows better generalizability and robustness. The third topic is concerned with data-driven model training without accessing local users’ data.