In the world of digital images, turning raw sensor data into colorful pictures that we can see is a complex process. Demosaicing, a crucial step in this process, helps convert data from sensors into full-color images. It all started with Bayer color filter arrays, named after Bryce Bayer, which are grids of tiny sensors, each covered by a color filter—usually red, green, or blue.

But making this conversion isn’t easy. Real-world challenges like sensor noise and blurry motion can mess up the final image. And getting accurate data for training computers to do this job is time-consuming.

Because processing images can be slow, especially on devices like phones, we’re looking into simpler methods that still give good results. Recently we’re experimenting with a new regressor named “LQBoost”

LQBoost operates by conducting least-square regressions in successive iterations, gradually narrowing down the gap between its predictions and the actual targets. By focusing on minimizing the residuals—differences between predicted and actual values—LQBoost iteratively enhances its accuracy. Additionally, it employs a thresholding process to prune samples with residuals approaching zero, streamlining the regression process.

Taking LQBoost a step further, we integrate Local Neighborhood Transformation (LNT) to enrich the feature set and capture intricate data structures more effectively. This integration allows for a more nuanced understanding of the data, leading to improved predictions.

Before applying LQBoost to our demosaicing task, we perform a crucial preprocessing step. By clustering the dataset and utilizing cluster purity, we initialize the regression process effectively. This step ensures that each cluster receives an accurate initial prediction, setting the stage for LQBoost to refine these predictions through iterative regression.

Our goal is to create a demosaicing model that’s both accurate and fast. We’ve tested it thoroughly using standard image datasets, making sure it strikes the right balance between picture quality, speed, and complexity. Our hope is to make better-looking images more accessible across different devices and applications.